How to Create a Responsive Design

Mobile and desktop browsing have about equal market shares. This implies that responsive design is more crucial than ever for designers, since customers want a consistent experience across all platforms and screen sizes.

Source: Google images

Main Highlights:

Source: Google images

Responsive design is a graphic user interface (GUI) design strategy used to provide information that adapts to different screen sizes effortlessly. Designers scale components in relative units (percentages) and use media queries to guarantee that their designs seamlessly adjust to the browser space, ensuring content uniformity across devices. Responsive websites are those that adjust to all screen sizes and resolutions, not just desktop, but also a mobile, tablet, and, in some cases, television.

Businesses that do not have a mobile website are slipping behind at an alarming pace because 8 out of 10 visitors will abandon a website that does not display effectively on their device. It’s just too easy for customers to click the back button and go to a competitor’s website instead, and Google even ranks websites that aren’t responsive below in its search results.

Designers had to deal with historic phenomena in the early 2010s. Users began to browse online content on mobile devices rather than desktop computers. There were two primary options. Designers may create many variations of the same design, each with its own set of proportions. Alternatively, they might collaborate on a single, flexible design that could extend or contract to fit the screen (responsive design).

The benefits of flexible design were difficult for organisations and designers to overlook. Designers were free to focus on just one design and let it flow like a liquid to fill all “containers” rather than working with absolute units (e.g., pixels) on different versions. Responsive design isn’t perfect. Nonetheless, it has major advantages, and its popularity has progressively increased. The number of free frameworks adapted to it has also increased. Responsive design has become a requirement for many firms (including Google).

Best Practice & Considerations for Responsive Design

You design for flexibility in all areas of responsive design, including pictures, text, and layouts. As a result, you should:

  1. “Mobile first” approach:

Mobile-first web design entails creating the mobile website first and then progressing to the desktop version. There are several reasons why this strategy works so effectively.

Because there is less screen real estate to deal with when designing a mobile-first responsive website, designers must consider a number of key issues. The following are the questions that must be asked:

  1. Create fluid grids and images: Create photos in their original sizes. Crop them for maximum impact.
  2. Use only Scalable Vector Graphics (SVGs). These are XML-based 2D graphics file formats that feature interaction and animations.
  3. Include three or more breakpoints (design for three or more devices).
  4. Aim for simplicity.
  5. Apply design patterns – To enhance ease of use and familiarity for users in their contexts: for example, the column drop pattern fits content to numerous screen kinds.
  6. With font sizes and styles, strive for accessibility. Make good use of contrast and backdrop. Make the headlines at least 1.6 times the size of the body content. Make all text responsive in order for it to display in these proportions. Because some people use screen readers, make all of your text “actual” rather than text inside graphics.

Overall, responsive design is a strong and cost-effective strategy, but its “simple” nature deceives. If you use it carelessly, you may have problems.

What’s the difference between responsive and adaptive design?

Adaptive and responsive design are two techniques to designing for a wide range of devices. In its most basic form, the responsive design employs a single layout and changes the page’s text, navigation, and components to match the user’s screen. When viewed on a desktop, laptop, tablet, or mobile phone, the responsive design will rearrange all design components. Different fixed layouts are built using adaptable designs that adjust to the user’s screen size. Unlike the more fluid responsive method, adaptive design makes use of several sizes of a fixed design.


There is a lot that goes into creating amazing cross-device experiences. You can build a unified and consistent user experience that your users will like by matching your user objectives, content strategy, and navigation design.


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